Smarter Social Engineering Attacks & how to prevent it | Amvionlabs

Social engineering attacks account for a large portion of all cyber-attacks, and studies show that they are becoming more common. Over 90% of successful hacks and data breaches begin with a type of social engineering attack. Cybercriminals launch a cyberattack by taking advantage of human frailties and behaviour that lead the victim to provide sensitive information that the attacker then utilises fraudulently. Additionally, they employ strategies that involve deception and scare tactics in an effort to strip the victim of all control over his network system(s) so that he is then compelled to comply with ransom demands.




These are the most common types of social engineering attacks to be aware of








Phishing emails are malicious emails that contain links or attachments that install malware on your device. We’ve all received scam emails, but some are more difficult to detect! Social engineers can spoof email addresses to appear to be from a boss or a trusted source.




Vhishing is an abbreviation for “voice phishing.” It’s the phone equivalent of email phishing, in which a bad actor calls instead of sending emails to steal sensitive information. These calls frequently use fear and urgency to elicit quick, impulsive call-backs.




Bad actors don’t just leave deceptive voicemails; they’ve also mastered texting! They’re sending targeted SMS messages to phish from your work phone or personal device. This is called as Phishing via SMS (Smishing)








Whaling is a type of phishing that specifically targets top-level business executives and government agency heads. Whaling attacks typically spoof the email addresses of other high-ranking individuals in the company or agency and contain urgent messaging about a bogus emergency or time-sensitive opportunity. Because of the high-level network access these executives and directors have, successful whaling attacks can expose a lot of confidential, sensitive information.




A vishing phone call is when a con artist employs social engineering to induce you to divulge financial and personal information, including account numbers and passwords. The con artist may claim that your account has been compromised, pose as a representative of police enforcement or your bank, or they may offer to assist you in installing software. It’s probably malware, so beware.




Using emails to launch specialized assaults against people and companies, spear phishing is a type of cybercrime. These emails frequently include attachments with dangerous links to spyware, ransomware, or other harmful software. The email will also shamelessly demand a quick response from the receiver, such as a money transfer for a specified amount or the giving of private information like a banking password.




This is a more targeted version of the phishing scam whereby an attacker chooses specific individuals or enterprises. They then tailor their messages based on characteristics, job positions, and contacts belonging to their victims to make their attack less conspicuous. Spear phishing requires much more effort on behalf of the perpetrator and may take weeks and months to pull off. They’re much harder to detect and have better success rates if done skillfully.




Tailgating and Piggybacking




Tailgating is a simple social engineering attack that allows physical access to an unauthorized location. Tailgating is accomplished by closely following an authorized user into the area without being noticed. Piggybacking is very similar to tailgating. The primary distinction between the two is that in a piggybacking scenario, the authorized user is aware and allows the other person to “piggyback” on their credentials.




Best practices to prevent social engineering attacks:




Establish a security awareness campaign




Organizations can start a security awareness programme and train their employees to combat social engineering attacks. The programme should address both general phishing attacks and new, targeted cyber threats. Training is not a one-time event; educate your employees on a regular basis and test the efficacy of your programme.




A cyber security awareness education can be helpful for even the most tech-savvy employee. A good course will always cover a variety of interesting techniques and actual instances that clearly illustrate the dangers posed by social engineering attacks. Awareness training assists employees in understanding and identifying potential hazards they may experience in the digital workplace, from simulated attacks to routine password checks.




Implement multi-factor authentication




By using multi-factor authentication, you can ensure the safety of your accounts. This two-step verification process requires the presentation of two or more forms of identification proof before a user may access an application.
Multi-factor authentication strengthens the security of your sign-in processes, adding an extra layer of defence to your defences. This is especially useful when businesses use Internet-connected services, such as cloud applications.




Keep your antivirus/antimalware software updated




Make sure automatic updates are engaged, or make it a habit to download the latest signatures first thing each day. Periodically check to make sure that the updates have been applied, and scan your system for possible infections.








Currently, user education and technological defences are the best defences against social engineering. Amvion Managed Security Services uses a proactive approach to cyber security in order to keep cyber criminals at bay. We can assist you. We provide a variety of services that will make your organisation less vulnerable to social engineering threats, ranging from employee awareness training to vulnerability management.




Why are Proxy Server Important for Cyber security?

A proxy server is a system or router that acts as a connection point between users and the internet. It is a server that acts as a “intermediary” between end-users and the web pages they visit online. An IP address is used when a computer connects to the internet. This is similar to your home’s street address in that it directs incoming data and provides a return address for other devices to authenticate. A proxy server is essentially a computer on the internet with its own IP address.




Types of proxy server



•Residential Proxies  



Residential proxies provide access to geo-restricted content/websites that would otherwise be inaccessible if a location-specific IP address was not used. Residential proxies are ideal for users who need to validate the advertisements that appear on their website in order to block cookies, suspicious or unwanted advertisements from competitors or bad actors.



•Datacenter proxies  



Datacenter proxies are quick and provide unlimited bandwidth, high performance, and unrivalled uptime. Data centre proxies are not provided by an internet service provider (ISP), but rather by another corporation via a data centre. The proxy server is located in a physical data centre, and user requests are routed through it.



• Transparent Proxies  



These proxies do not conceal your true IP address and offer no additional security or privacy. Transparent proxies are commonly used for content filtering, for example, in schools or offices. Transparent proxies are ideal for businesses that want to use a proxy without making employees aware of it. It has the advantage of providing a consistent user experience. Transparent proxies, on the other hand, are more vulnerable to certain security threats, such as SYN-flood denial-of-service attacks.



• Anonymous Proxies  



An anonymous proxy is designed to make internet activity untraceable. It works by accessing the internet on the user’s behalf while concealing their identity and computer information. Instead of your real IP address, the proxy will provide a bogus one. Sites will still be able to determine whether you are using a proxy server; however, they will be unable to determine your true IP address.



• High Anonymity Proxies  



A high anonymity proxy is an anonymous proxy that goes beyond anonymity. It works by erasing your data before the proxy attempts to connect to the target site. All of the anonymity of an anonymous proxy, with the added privacy or concealment of the fact that you are using a proxy. The server is best suited for users who require complete anonymity, such as employees who do not want their activity to be traced back to the organization. On the other hand, some of them, particularly the free ones, are decoys set up to trick users into revealing personal information or data.



• Reverse Proxy  



In contrast to a forward proxy, which sits in front of clients, a reverse proxy sits in front of web servers and forwards browser requests to the web servers. It works by intercepting user requests at the web server’s network edge. It then sends requests to the origin server and receives responses from it. Reverse proxies are an excellent choice for popular websites that must balance the load of numerous incoming requests. They can assist an organization in reducing bandwidth load by acting as another web server that manages incoming requests.




Benefits of Proxy Servers in Cybersecurity



• Safeguarding Against Email Phishing  



Email phishing is a type of cybercrime in which emails are used to obtain information or to spread ransomware attacks. Organizations can use proxy servers to prevent this. Email protection proxies allow for seamless scraping, which checks emails for harmful content or links. This keeps malicious emails out of your inbox.
Datacenter one is the best proxy for this because it is fast and has a higher performance. Along with proxy, businesses should implement ransomware protection measures to keep these attacks at bay.




• Brand/Identity Theft Protection  



Identity theft is a serious crime that causes significant financial loss. Criminals who counterfeit original products with original brand names are one way for this crime to spread. Through online retailers, the counterfeiters market their goods as genuine.
The good news is that proxies can be used to identify fake goods. Even proxies offer access to data with geographic restrictions. Proxy service providers typically have a large pool of IP addresses for each proxy type. These pools include IP addresses from various geographical locations.




As a result, companies use proxy servers to access content intended for residents of specific countries. This, combined with the exceptional performance of datacenter proxies, assists brands in protecting themselves from identity theft.



• DDoS Safety  



A DDoS attack is a malicious attempt to disrupt the operations of a website. An attacker typically sends a large number of requests – more than the server can handle – thus overwhelming it.
Firms should use a content delivery network (CDN), which is a type of proxy distributed across the network, to prevent this attack. The CDN would contain the same content as the website and would assist clients in accessing the content that is closest to them.
DDoS assaults can be mitigated by also using reverse proxies. This protects the server from attacks by storing frequently requested web pages in a cache for quick retrieval when needed. It is generated by configuring the server appropriately.



• Data breaches and Ransomware attacks prevention  



Data breaches are unavoidable and can be extremely expensive. Most firms today are doing everything they can to reduce the risks of a data breach. Proxy servers assist you in accomplishing this by adding an extra layer of security between your servers and outside traffic. Companies, on the other hand, can use web scraping to discover and shut down phishing sites using fast and powerful datacenter proxies.



• Malware Protection  



Companies can employ transparent proxies to block malware-infected websites. Users can connect to other secure websites using this form of proxy. Transparent proxies are so named because users may be unaware of their presence in a network.






Using proxies increases the safety of any user or firm. You can protect yourself by using several sorts of Proxies. Amvion Managed Security Services practicing a proactive approach to Cyber Security Threats. We offer comprehensive cyber-security solutions based on a data-centric strategy to defend your data and network against security threats. We assist you with classifying sensitive data based on compliance, governing access to it, and monitoring user behavior.




Something too good to be true is probably a scam (Cyber Crime).

In terms of cybercrime, phishing remains one of the most effective methods. Essentially, phishing is when a bad actor poses as a trustworthy individual so that they can trick their victims into providing sensitive information such as usernames, passwords, and financial information. While phishing attacks doubled in 2020, they continued to grow throughout 2021, with remote work posing a challenge for businesses to ensure their users stay safe. Currently, hackers are using increasingly sophisticated methods to trick employees into downloading malicious attachments or compromising sensitive data. These attacks are one of the most common and dangerous types of online crimes today, as they are able to target hundreds or thousands of people at once.



For example, Email Account Upgrade Scam. This scam can appear to be coming from a trusted email provider such as Microsoft or Google, or even your company’s IT department, threatening your account’s expiration unless action is taken immediately. From this email, it doesn’t appear to contain anything harmful. It doesn’t contain any obvious grammatical errors or elaborate requests, and the link itself would appear to direct the visitor to a safe “https” web page.



Such Non-intrusive monitoring and protection from Reputation, Financial & IP loss, is provided by Amvion Labs.



• Exhaustive scan of global phishing and spamming databases to cross-check potential compromises of customer’s domain/s



• Inspect if I-frames, malware, or Java Drive-bys could be downloaded to infect the machines of end users of websites or e-commerce portals through sandbox application



• Automated daily scan and report generation &Phishing complaints reporting system



• Anti-Viruses check for web portal infections by crawling through all known paths



• DNS Hijack Detection via cross checking with 450 odd DNS servers from across the world



• Monitoring of logo misuse by using 24×7 phishing feeds; image processing engine that incorporates machine learning; exploitation of certificate transparency logs (CTL) for comparison and monitoring.



Amvion Labs’ trains customers’ on how to spot phishing attacks as well as how to report phishing attacks as soon as they believe they have been targeted.



Amvion Labs’ continually prepares for Disaster & enables the Recovery Faster.